The Court of Justice of the European Union on Ethnic and Racial Discrimination: An Analysis of the Application of Directive 2000/43/EC

Keywords: human rights, racial discrimination, ethnic discrimination, Directive 2000/43/EC, nationality


Xenophobia, racism, and the resulting discrimination in practice hinder the path towards achieving regulated equality and the prohibition of discrimination, aiming for a society where all individuals can enjoy substantial equality. Specifically, Directive 2000/43/EC was developed within the framework of the European Community to protect migrants and individuals belonging to ethnic minorities who are more likely to be victims of such discriminatory acts and may find themselves in a situation of greater vulnerability due to structural circumstances.This study examines the various areas of application of the Directive that have been addressed judicially by the Court of Justice of the European Union. To accomplish this, a critical analysis is conducted of the limited number of pronouncements despite more than two decades having passed since the Directive’s entry into force.

Received: 22 May 2023 
Accepted: 18 November 2023


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How to Cite
Hernández Moreno, Nacho. 2023. “The Court of Justice of the European Union on Ethnic and Racial Discrimination: An Analysis of the Application of Directive 2000/43/EC”. Deusto Journal of Human Rights, no. 12 (December), 137-66.